Mr Grimm, please explain your understanding of the 2nd amendment.

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

As with any legal contract, we must understand the original intent of the author.

To answer your question, we should look carefully at the wording of the Second Amendment.

A well regulated…

In 1791, regulated often meant organized, uniformly constructed, or in proper working order; unless it is well regulated, a clock is useless.

Although the Founding Fathers did not have YouTube to watch careless gun owners shoot through their left hands or the hoods of their pickups, they did live at a time when there was little formal marksmanship training available. Men like James Madison possessed a keen understanding of human nature. I think the intent was well trained, proficient, and uniform. An effective defense plan always includes training.

Idaho is a constitutional carry state, which I support.  As an NRA rifle instructor, I have trained many young people in the proper handling of firearms.  I realize we can not force anyone to undergo firearms training, yet every gun owner knows that one guy who is unaware of the concept of muzzle control. That same person becomes defensive when you comment.


At the time, Militia meant a non-professional army made up of able-bodied citizens between eighteen and forty five years of age.

being necessary to the security of a free State,…

“Free” is the keyword, meaning liberty.

Section 13 of the Virginia Declaration of Rights (1777) was obviously referenced by Madison when writing the Second Amendment and provides us clear insight into the original intent.

“That a well-regulated militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defense of a free state; that standing armies, in time of peace, should be avoided as dangerous to liberty; and that in all cases the military should be under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power.”

the right…

In The Declaration of Independence, the founding fathers make their understanding of rights clear with the term “endowed by their Creator.” Rights are inherent, not granted by the government.

of the people…

understood to mean individuals.

to keep and bear…

to possess and use.


Contrary to modern belief, repeating arms were available before 1791. The original intent did not specifically limit arms to mean flintlocks.

shall not be infringed.

Infringe: In no way hindered or broken. From Latin to damage, break off, break, or bruise.


The second amendment has nothing to do with hunting or even self-defense; the ability to defend yourself should be a given.  As it is often said, When seconds matter, the police are just minutes away.

As your Sheriff, we will process all CCW and NFA permits Monday through Saturday.